The computer was born in the United States in the 1940s. The first computer, Enniak, was built at the University of Pennsylvania, and the modern technology information age was followed. So far, computers have experienced more than 60 years of development, and their speed of replacement is extremely fast. Computers in modern society are easy to carry and belong to multi-functional portable computers. Modern computers are developing rapidly and helping people solve everyday production and life problems. It can be said that the rapid development of computer technology can effectively improve people’s living standards and promote the development of the national economy. This paper analyzes the development of computer technology and its future trends and puts forward practical application strategies to provide a reference for the further development of computers.
The continuous improvement of the economic level has promoted the rapid development of computer technology. After years of development, the application of computer technology has become more and more extensive. With the continuous development of human society, computer science and technology have also matured, the computer volume has continued to shrink, and its operation speed has increased rapidly. At this time, its manufacturing cost has also been decreasing, which is already in people’s daily life and work. Missing tools. Computer technology has been widely used in various industries, which has improved people’s living standards and promoted the further development of society. Therefore, exploring the development of computer technology and its future trends has greatly promoted the improvement of computer technology.
In 1946, the world’s first computer was born in the United States. By 1959, the first domestic computer was born and put into operation. The development of computer control technology has gone through the following stages: the start-up period was in the mid-1950s, when computers were used in industrial production, which brought great economic benefits to the industrial industry; in the 1960s, the Computer control technology entered the experimental stage. The computer control technology in this period was applied in the chemical industry and replaced the traditional Onofrio analog control. In the 1970s, the computer reached the rapid promotion stage, and the speed of the microcomputer was extremely high. Fast, its reliability, volume is small, and prices are starting to fall, so it is used in many industries; modern computer control technology is still improving, such as computer control systems based on PC bus boards and industrial computers, or Based on PLC computer control system and distributed control system, but the development of computer technology will not stop here, the future computer control technology will break various traditions and produce new computer control technology, thus promoting the further development of social science and technology. Development of Computer Technology and Future Trends Cao Jing China Telecom Co., Ltd. Xinjiang Branch
2. Characteristics Of Future Computer Technology
2.1 Computer Science and Technology Specialization and Integration With the continuous improvement of computer technology, computers are more popular and integrated, and modern computer applications are also very professional. In order to meet the business needs of many special professionals, the level of computer specialization is rapidly increasing, and current computers can provide different services for people. 2.2 Computer high-level focus on computer performance and its speed of operation, computer frequency precision have achieved a higher level of development. Intel has more than one billion transistors to handle it, and hundreds of processors are used in the same computer. The most advanced computers in many countries under the modern society are processed in parallel. This type of computer operation makes the computer more advanced, and people are very fond of such high-level computer operation. 2.3 Computer science and technology is more extensive With the rapid development of computer technology, it has been widely used in various industries and countries and can be called ubiquitous. In recent years, computers have gradually penetrated into many fields. The computer at that time has a greater degree of expansion. In the future, there will be computers in every family, and people’s daily learning and work will be fully electronic, and the price of computers will gradually decrease, and gradually enter the homes of ordinary people.
3. Computer Technology Development Trend
Focusing on computers, the early days mainly served the military. The early computers were extremely large, and their practical applications were extremely limited. The rapid development of computer hardware technology, modern computer efficiency, and its small size, the servers, personal PCs, laptops, tablets, etc. used by contemporary people, are the embodiment of the rapid development of computers. With the development of Internet technology, computer information technology has also emerged. The information network belongs to a very large social resource. People can use various terminals to obtain the required information, and the terminal system will process it in detail and finally present it. And the development of the Internet has made the network data transmission speed continue to increase, and its data transmission is also very secure. Modern society puts more emphasis on cloud computing technology and the cloud service model. This is also an important manifestation of the development of Internet technology to this stage.
This paper analyzes the following trends in the development trend of computer technology: 3.1 Ultra-high performance of computer silicon chip can be said to be super High-performance computer silicon chips determine the value of computers, the rapid development of silicon technology, and the beginning of new computer research. Contemporary ultra-high-performance computers include quantum computers, molecular computers, nanocomputers, and photonic computers. The quantum computer has a large storage capacity, and its calculation speed is extremely fast; the molecular computer stores a lot of information, and its operation speed is also very fast, the volume is smaller than the ordinary computer, and the power consumption is small; the nanocomputer has high value and its volume Small, low manufacturing cost, extremely fast computing speed, and large storage capacity.
If the technology is implemented, it will replace the silicon chip computer; the photon computer runs at a higher speed, mainly using photons to replace the electrons. In order to perform numerical calculations, and different data are replaced by waves of different lengths, it is possible to process extremely complex data. 3.2 Computer miniaturization The early computer was like a giant, and all the basic functions needed to be realized in a large and large volume. However, with the rapid development of computer technology, the computer is shrinking in size and its function is constantly improving. Perfect, a combination of very small software can play its powerful functions. Miniaturized computers can cause computers to gradually penetrate into all aspects of people’s lives; the shrinking size of computers allows people to carry them freely in order to improve people’s living standards. 3.3 Optical Computer Optical computer emphasizes that electronic or current causes the computer to process massive information quickly. It has the characteristics of extremely high computing speed and power consumption. The indispensable device is the spatial modulator and the optical interconnect technology. The storage part is linked to the computing department, and its operation part is directly accessible. Light travels extremely fast, and photonic computers can be used at room temperature and are less prone to errors.
The idea of optical computers has made a series of innovations and breakthroughs in computer architecture, but at this stage, optical computers are still in the research and development stage. 3.4 Computer and communication technology combined with the rapid development of modern electronic technology, network has already broken the traditional computer implementation, mobile phones are rapidly popularized, and have already merged with people’s modern life, making people’s communication more convenient, and the modern people’s whereabouts have been It is not a secret, telephone contact can turn people into transparent people. Coupled with the emergence of mobile commerce and mobile office, people’s traditional life, and work patterns have long been broken, and the application of various mobile communication devices makes people’s life and communication more convenient.
4. Establishment Of The Multi-Functional System In Computer-Related Technology
Through the introduction of the development history of computers, the development of computers is inseparable from the establishment and improvement of related multi-functional systems. With the advancement of the improvement process, the computer has also developed very well. The key to the continuous development of computer technology is to build different computer-related functional systems.
With the widespread use and application of Internet engineering, computer technology is widely used. According to the application of computer technology in various industries, it can be seen that its impact on our lives is huge and even an indispensable part. In order to make computer technology better serve people, increasing efforts to develop new computer technology has become the top priority.
Author: Cao Jing: China Telecom Co., Ltd. Xinjiang Branch
Part II: The future development trend of computer technology
Abstract: Computer technology has developed rapidly, and now its application field is relatively wide, and has achieved certain results. Nowadays, people’s life and work are inseparable from computers. The popularity of computers has improved people’s work efficiency, making paperless office possible in the process of work. Computer technology is constantly developing in the application process and is constantly improving to improve various fields. Work efficiency and improve its technical application capabilities. It mainly expounds on the future development trend of computer technology from three aspects: the development status of computer technology, the innovation research of computer technology and the future development trend of computer technology. It is used to meet the needs of computer technology in other industries. It is hoped to provide theoretical reference for scholars who study computer technology.
Keywords: computer technology; development trend; application
After the birth of the first electronic computer in 1946, it was an epoch-making reform in the electronics field. After the development and improvement in the 1970s, computer technology is now applied to various fields and promotes the rapid development of other fields. The development of large computers marks the level of a country’s technology, and the importance of computer technology can be seen. Computer technology is different from computer hardware in that it uses computers to solve practical problems in work, improve its application capabilities in the field, meet the needs of industry development, meet the needs of the times, develop rapidly computer technology, and promote the rapid development of other industries.
1 computer technology development status
1.1 High-End Comprehensive
Computers are widely used in China’s industry, and generally require large computers, which improve work efficiency, improve working conditions, and promote the practical use of some technologies. For example, for the data processing in the enterprise and factory, the video player used in the learning process, and the memory and other uses involved in the software, the whole computer is composed of this software and a series of hardware. In the industry, the use of computers for data processing speed, improve work efficiency, improve the accuracy of data processing, the development and use of high-end computers, provides a reliable technical guarantee for industrial data analysis, analysis, and processing.
1.2 Complicated Nature
The field of computer applications is relatively wide, and computers are now being used by people for work, study, and life. Its application field is more complicated, which makes the nature of computer applications complex. With the development, transformation, and innovation of computer technology in China, the fields involved in computers in people’s lives and work are also very extensive, and it has promoted the development and advancement of more science and technology fields. The gradual improvement of computer technology also shows the complexity of computer technology in China. The improvement of this performance is mainly reflected in the fact that the formation of computer technology is more perfect, and the performance is more comprehensive, and the components that make up the computer and The component composition becomes more complicated in the development of computer technology, and it is more necessary to combine the circuit and the component in the process of use. Computer application in the industry, not only computer hardware to meet its needs, generally have to be supplemented by the corresponding software, computer hardware, and software coordinated use, work together to complete the task, the two are a unified body, computer technology is the two in the industry The embodiment of the computer technology application capabilities.
The development of computer miniaturization is the need of people in the process of computer development. The first electronic computer has dozens of tons. Nowadays, microcomputers and handheld computers are the embodiment of computer miniaturization. Now when and where people can use computers The scope of computer application is more extensive, people use it more convenient and fast, in line with the needs of people nowadays, and social development puts forward new requirements for computer development.
1.4 Diversified Nature
The diversified development of computers is a requirement of social development, and diversified development is multi-channel. Among them, it can be displayed according to the scale of computer construction and the way and ability of the computer to use at work. At the same time, in the development of information technology, various forms can be divided according to the use of the computer. These developments represent the development of computer technology diversity.
2 Computer Technology Innovation Research
2.1 Microprocessor Exploration
In the ever-developing day, the processor in the computer has become smaller and smaller and has considerable advantages in big data information processing. Observing the shrinking design of the overall structure of the computer, the innovation and development of the processor are inevitable, and also adapted to the times. Reforming demand. Therefore, the exploration and development of microprocessors is imperative. The processor is the core component of the computer. The quality of the microprocessor affects the running speed of the computer. Now many industries have a certain impact on the running speed of the computer. The research of the microprocessor plays an important role in the development of the computer. The improvement of operational capability plays an important technical guarantee for improving the development of other industries.
2.2 Research on Distinguishing Exchange Technology
The computer has its own data processing function in the process of people’s application and management. It automatically distinguishes a large amount of data and information and processes it according to different groups. It is very convenient and future use and screening, and it is carried out in different time periods. The regularization of classification is an important task for the independent innovation and development of computer technology. It also lays a good foundation for the preservation of large amounts of data and information.
The technology of distinguishing and exchanging can also process the original data and information. Through the scientific identification to achieve the needs of future use and dissemination, the data information is sent to a fixed computer storage location, to ensure the interconnection network’s requirements for communication use, to establish a complete link line, thereby meeting the people’s increasing user needs and use effectiveness. Distinguishing the research of switching technology, it is an important guarantee for improving computer performance, and computer performance is further improved. It is helpful for the development of new computer technology and the application of other fields and can achieve technological breakthroughs.
3 Future Development Trend Of Computer Technology
3.1 Future Computer Technology Development Characteristics
In the future, the development characteristics of China’s computer technology are gradually developed into a networked model. On the basis of intelligent guided retrieval, a diversified and multi-polar operation mode is adopted. The networked model is mainly to improve the rights of people to use and to achieve the upgrade through technology. The need for network coverage. Networking and intelligence are the characteristics of computer development in China and an important part of computer development. Intelligentization is the development needs of China’s industry, such as intelligent robots, which are used in the industry. This requires intelligent computers to control and monitor the work of intelligent robots. Improve the function of the robot and improve the working efficiency of the robot. Networking is the need of global development. Nowadays, the network is the development needs of various industries. The combination of computer technology and other technologies can realize its application value and improve their application skills. The development of computer technology should meet the technical development needs of other industries in the society, embody the function of computer technology for other industries, and provide reliable technical support for improving the technology of other industries.
Computer Application In Agriculture
The combination of agriculture and computer technology has promoted the development of the agricultural sector, strengthened the management and management of agricultural production, provided a large amount of advanced scientific knowledge, and played an important role in the promotion of agricultural products, the control of pests and diseases, and the estimation of production. The role has achieved the industrialization, modernization, and intelligence of agriculture, making it more in line with the development needs of society. 1. Agricultural research and technology promotion. The combination of computer and agricultural extension technicians enables agricultural workers to acquire knowledge faster, and online consultation on issues such as pests, diseases, cultivation, and operations can solve problems quickly and efficiently.
In addition, computers can also predict natural disasters, detect agricultural product quality, monitor crop growth, and environmental monitoring, statistics on agricultural product supply and demand, and disseminate agricultural policies and new ideas. With the help of the Internet, information such as weather and diseases can be released in advance, which helps agricultural workers to take defensive measures and increase the enthusiasm of farmers for production, thereby ensuring the prosperity and stability of the country. The agricultural expert system is a commonly used agricultural intelligent software. It has a knowledge base with a lot of experience. It can simulate agricultural experts to sort out and analyze problems and provide authoritative answers to guide agricultural operations.
Maia Bruno et al. developed a computer program for remote pesticide spraying technology. Cao Jinyuan et al designed a set of agricultural temperature and humidity monitoring systems to transmit information to agricultural workers in time through the Internet and mobile communications. 2. Simulation experiments. The computer simulation system of crops uses computer technology, combined with scientific knowledge such as botany, agronomy, meteorology, etc. to establish a crop model, simulate the real environment, and obtain effective experimental schemes and improvement methods. It is also possible to conduct preliminary experiments on some agriculturally difficult experiments, such as plant genetics research, to write computer programs, calculate genetic behavior, and reduce test time. Niu Jiping et al. used a computer simulation system to study the water demand distribution of agricultural irrigation in the Shiyang River Basin and the impact of climate environment on crop water demand, which provided an important basis for crop planting planning and water resource allocation.
Fourth, The Development Prospects Of Computer Technology
1. Prospects for development in the field of communications. Computer technology has gradually improved the communication field. However, many enterprises lack professional information management personnel. Enterprises should strengthen the professional ability of training personnel, deepen the research and development of information management technology, and make technology developers fully aware of computer technology in the field of communication. The role of the development of the communications field, and actively promote the innovation of computer technology. 2. Prospects for development in the medical field. Computers are developing rapidly in the medical field. The main development direction is the establishment of telemedicine, regional medical and automatic medicine systems. Telemedicine can cross-space, transmit video through the computer, complete remote surgery guidance, medical observation, and learning, etc., to maximize the use of resources. Regional medical care is a professional comprehensive hospital, community health service station, rehabilitation center, etc., through the computer, establish a medical electronic platform, integrated management, so that patients get the best treatment in time, improve the difficulty of seeing a doctor The bed is tight and so on. The automatic medicine dispensing system fully embodies the automation of information. The system can automatically distribute medicines according to the doctor’s advice.
The medical personnel can issue the medicines after verification, which not only improves the efficiency of the hospital but also rationalizes the human resources of the hospital. 3. Prospects for development in the agricultural sector. At present, the knowledge level of agricultural producers in China is not enough. The popularity of computer technology in agricultural production applications is not high, and the agricultural technology information base is not perfect. In the future, we should strengthen the popularization of computer technology and the construction of agricultural production information base, increase the research intensity of agricultural production, establish a demonstration base for agricultural computer technology, and on the basis of experiments, sum up experience based on actual conditions and strengthen the combination of computer and agricultural work. . Computer technology has been widely used in communication, medicine and agriculture. We must fully understand the convenience brought by computer technology, and we must be aware of the problems that may arise, and constantly improve and improve it to make it better with various industries. The combination of land and ground promotes the steady development of China’s economy and culture.
Author: Lu Hui Unit: Guangshan County, Henan Province Cultural Broadcasting Press and Publication Bureau
Part IV: Application of Computer Technology to Communication
Abstract: With the continuous development of the social economy, modern computer technology is constantly improving. At present, computer technology has been widely used in many fields. This paper analyzes computer communication technology and introduces the practical application of computer technology in communication technology. It briefly discusses the application prospect of computer technology in communication, in order to inspire and help the development of communication technology in China.
[Keywords] Computer; Communication; Application
Nowadays, with the beginning of the third scientific and technological revolution, the updating and development of computer technology is becoming more and more rapid, and it is constantly changing and developing. In the same way, with the development of the times, all walks of life have also applied computer technology to information processing in their respective fields and accelerated the processing of related businesses in their respective industries with computer technology, which not only saves enterprises. Capital also increases the operating profit of the company and is the key to the success of the company. Among them, in computer technology, communication technology occupies an important position of computer application software and has a wide range of applications in computer information management systems. Computer communication technology undertakes the task of information transmission and information reception in the software system.
That is to say, the development trend of computer information general technology is closely related to computer technology and communication technology among them. Computer technology and communication technology complement each other and develop together. From this point of view, we should realize the sharing of information resources and the exchange of information between computers in different fields, so that the coordinated operation of the two works is of great significance to promote the development of computer technology. The reason for the computer to communicate information is to provide effective information and solve the common sharing of resources and exchange of information data so that the transmission and transmission of the message is faster and more convenient, and the cost of information dissemination is reduced. The most important thing is the advancement of Internet technology, leading the continuous growth of computer communication technology in the communication industry, and also laying a solid foundation for the development of computer technology. At the same time, it also indicates that the computer electronics industry will come. The better the development situation.
1 Characteristic Of Computer Technology In Communication
Computer communication technology is the carrier of data and message transmission, and communication technology can process information and data in parallel during the process of transmission. This shows that computer communication technology is the basis of data and information transmission, and the speed of computer technology directly affects the development of communication technology. Compared with the previous telephone transmission of information as the main form of information communication, the use of computers for communication mainly has the following characteristics:
1.1 Using Computer Communication For Multimedia Mode Messaging
Computer communication technology uses binary signals as the basis to transmit information such as words, languages, pictures, numbers, sound effects, etc. and effectively processes data information in the process of transmission. Therefore, the monitoring portion of data transfer and processing is also done using binary signals in computer technology.
1.2 Computer Communication Technology Data Transmission Efficiency Is High
In communication technology, the data transfer speed of a language analog information is 2,400 bits per second, that is, about 300 characters are transmitted per second. In computer communication technology, the transmission speed of a digital message is about 64,000 bits per second, that is, within one second, the communication technology of the computer can transmit 8000 characters, which is much higher than the character of the language simulation information. transfer. It can be seen that the transmission of digital information by computer technology is more efficient than the analog information technology for data information transmission, and the speed of data information transmission by computer communication technology is higher.
1.3 Shorter Call Times Using Computer Communication Technology
Calls made using computer communication technology are shorter. According to the data provided by the relevant data, about 25 percent of the computer data in the statistical data can be completed in one second, and about 50 percent of the computer communication is in five seconds. Completed inside. In the past information communication mode based on telephone communication, the transmission of information generally takes three minutes to five minutes to complete. In the communication technology using a computer, it takes no more than 1.5 seconds for the recipient to establish a call from the sender of the message to receive the call, but it takes at least 15 seconds if the telephone communication is used. It can be seen that the time for making a call using computer communication technology is shorter.
1.4 Communication Using Computer Technology Generally Has Better Anti-Interference Ability
Information data communication using computer technology has better anti-interference ability than other communication methods. Since the computer is implemented by using binary code in the transmission of information and data, this processing method can effectively clean up the noise, and the information transmission is clearer. At the same time, the encryption processing of the information by using the binary code is also very large. To the extent that the disseminated data and messages are kept confidential, a good communication effect is achieved.
2 Computer Technology In Communication Applications
Computer technology occupies an important position in all walks of life and receives special attention. For example, in the fields of electronic communication, scientific research, banking, and industry, computer technology has been popular. Especially the continuous development and update of network science and technology, computer communication technology is constantly developing and changing. Nowadays, most countries around the world already have their own national digital network and data network and have the function of providing users with various new services. In today’s development form, the development of the communication field is mainly toward the infinite technology of the fourth generation of infinite communication systems and the direction of mobile communication technology, and computer technology plays a role as a stepping stone, greatly promoting the communication technology. Development and reform. In the use of communication technology, the use of computer technology is of great significance for accelerating the improvement of communication technology. For example, in the widely used 4G fourth-generation mobile communication technology, 4G mobile communication technology has a particularly large competitive advantage compared with the original 3G and 2G mobile communication technologies, especially in the speed of network information transmission. As we all know, in the process of communication, the communication speed of the network has a very important meaning. The improvement of communication speed can not only speed up the transmission of text, pictures, video and audio, but also bring good business experience to users, and can also save users’ time. Improve work efficiency. At the same time, high-speed communication services can be interconnected with an effective data network to expand the audience of wired data networks, and to develop more portable customers, bringing a good user experience.
2.1 Application Of Computer Communication Technology In Billing System
In today’s science and technology update, while enjoying the convenience of this computer communication technology to people’s lives, there is also an increasing expectation of the functional requirements of the communication messaging system, including the billing system of the switching system. For now, most users use a professional computer to complete the billing problem of the system. There are many advantages to using a dedicated computer for billing. The professional computer billing system has the advantages of good performance, a large amount of message storage, and many functions. It can be designed according to the user’s experience and actual needs in real life, which greatly facilitates the user’s use and optimizes the use. Effect. For example, in the hotel management, the computer network and the hotel service will be connected to the project that the customer needs to charge, so that the customer can quickly and clearly count and settle according to the actual consumption of the customer, which is convenient for management, fast and accurate, and improves the hotel. The management efficiency and saving the customer’s checkout time are very helpful. Similarly, in the oil field, the relevant departments, according to the own situation of the oil industry, need to hold a computer network exclusively used by their own industry, and also need to use the publicly used telecommunications network. Moreover, different work units will adopt different charging methods according to the actual situation of their own industries, and use computer networks to classify and charge different communication modules, so as to more accurately reduce the time of cost calculation and facilitate enterprise management.
2.2 Application Of Computer Technology In Information Management System
Over the past few years, with the continuous improvement of the social level and economic level, the demand for information management systems of various enterprises and units has also increased, and different types of information management systems have sprung up. At the same time, in order to make better use of computer technology, it is generally the use of the data management system of the information to manage the enterprise units, and the use of users in the process of work to improve work efficiency has a huge effect. To realize the application of computer software in the information management system, we must first take the command of the above-mentioned business department as the center, contact the actual situation of the work unit, and unify the understanding according to the actual situation, first realize the automation of the work office, and then to the remote The gradual transformation of the automation of the operation promotes the normal operation of the terminal equipment. The rational use of computer communication technology can not only reduce the workload of the relevant departments but also greatly improve the speed and quality of the staff. This makes the connection between the public institution and the relevant departments faster and faster. While improving work efficiency, it also guarantees the confidentiality of communication information and brings great convenience to the transmission of communication information.
2.3 The Use Of Computer Communication Technology In Automatic Directory Checking, Etc.
The use of computer communication technology in the automatic directory and information data management has become more and more. For example, long-distance and short-distance telephone exchanges in publicly used networks use computer technology for automatic number inquiry. Such a number lookup method is more convenient, faster and more accurate than the previous manual number search method. In addition, computer communication technology also introduces data statistics functions for users, updates data information in a timely manner, and corrects customer usage numbers. Therefore, in the overall design and development of computer communication technology developers, the communication system can be designed to have both automatic number inquiry and management of data related to the information communication department.
2.4 Computer Application In Data Communication
2.4.1 Application of Computer Communication Technology in Wired Data (1) Application of Digital Data Circuit: Users can use the dedicated line of the digital data network to access the Internet. The user can use the digital data network to form a personal private network. At the same time, you can also set up a personal video conference. The computer’s data communication technology can realize the interconnection of local area networks to complete the sharing of information resources and file transfer. The application of computers in data communication is applicable to all kinds of data exchanges that require immediate data. For example, it is necessary to use a digital data network to connect the cash dispenser in the bank with the computer host of the bank. In addition, the use of digital data networks to timely release relevant information on securities is a method chosen by many securities companies. (2) Application using packet-switched network: Computer communication technology can use the packet network to establish a system of the message management network, for example, monitoring the company’s computer wide-area network with a virtual private network. The packet network can be used to search the database for information and expand related services, such as digital libraries, e-commerce industry, and the tourism industry.