Xinhua News Agency, London, February 2 (Reporter Zhang Jiawei) The University of Sussex in the United Kingdom recently announced that an international team led by scientists at the school has designed a technical blueprint on how to build large quantum computers. Cooperate to develop a powerful general-purpose quantum computer under a technical framework.
Quantum computers are based on quantum technology and their performance far exceeds that of traditional computers. One of the reasons is that each bit in a conventional computer has only two states, 0 and 1, and one qubit can have multiple states. If the quantum computer is successfully developed, it will play a huge role in password deciphering.
The latest blueprint for quantum computer technology was published in the journal Science Progress in the United States and was completed by scientists from the University of Sussex, the United States, Google, the Institute of Physical Chemistry, the University of Aarhus, Denmark, and the University of Siegen, Germany. A detailed description of the technical architecture for building a large quantum computer.
According to the University of Sussex, the blueprint relies on a newly invented technology that differs from the use of optical fibers in the past quantum computer designs to connect various computing modules. The new technology uses an electric field and ions moving in it as a means of connection. It enables quantum bits to be transmitted more quickly between computing modules, helping to build large quantum computers and achieving far more computing power than traditional computers.
Sussex University professor Winfried Hensinger, who is involved in the project, said: “Building a large quantum computer is undoubtedly a very big challenge, but now it is time to promote academic results based on the UK’s breakthrough technology in this area. Convert to actual application.”
After the research team introduced the technology blueprint to the scientific community and the technology industry, it plans to build a prototype of a quantum computer at the University of Sussex according to the technical architecture in the blueprint. According to a report in the British magazine Nature, the large-scale quantum computer described in the blueprint can cover more than one football field and cost at least 100 million pounds (about 860 million yuan).
Recently, many countries and institutions around the world are rushing to develop quantum computers. D-Wave quantum simulators developed by NASA, Google and other organizations have solved some problems more than 100 million times faster than traditional computers. But there are still many people in the academic world who think this is not a true general-purpose quantum computer.
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